The Biography of His Holiness Taklung Tsetrul Rinpoche
His Holiness Kyabje Taklung Tsetrul Rinpoche was one of the seniormost masters of the Nyingma tradition, and the Supreme Head of the Nyingma School.
He was born in 1926 in central Tibet, near the famous lake called Yardrok where Guru Rinpoche left his handprint. Close to his birthplace, in the region known as Taklung, was the prominent Taklung Tse monastic center affiliated with Thubten Dorje Drak, one of the six main Nyingma monasteries as well as the seat of the Northern Treasures (Jangter) Nyingma dharma tradition. In the 19th century, the great Khenpo Namkha Longyang from Dorje Drak recognized an ordinary monk from the monastery as the incarnation of Ngok Chöku Dorje. That tulku (Lobpön Kunzang Chöku) continued to study and train as an ordinary monk, and eventually became the vajracharya of the monastery. He devoted his whole life to practice and the attainment of superior realization. It is said that the special protector of Ngok, the glorious goddess Dusolma, pledged her service to him. His reincarnation (Tupten Chökyi Nyima) also moved up through the ranks of the ordinary monks to become the Acharya, but departed for the pure realms at a young age. The ninth Dordrak Rigdzin, Chöwang Nyamnyi Dorje, in accordance with a meditation vision, identified H.H. Kyabje Taklung Tsetrul Rinpoche as the next reincarnation.
H.H. Kyabje Taklung Tsetrul Rinpoche arrived at Taklung Tse Monastery and received his first ordination when he was five years old, as well as the title and enthronement of a tulku. When he was eight years old he was given the dharma seat at the mother monastery Thubten Dorje Drak. He studied and became proficient in all of the monastic arts and rituals. From the age of fourteen he studied with Pawo Rinpoche, who was a student of Khenpo Thubten Gyaltsen, a personal student of the great Dzogchen Khenpo Shenga. When he was fifteen, the elder Khenpo from Gotsa Monastery, who was a personal disciple of the previous Dordrak Rigdzin, gave the empowerments and transmissions of the Jangter lineage to the current, great Dordrak Rigdzin, Namdrol Gyatso. At that time H.H. Kyabje Taklung Tsetrul Rinpoche was able to receive most of these empowerments and transmissions, as well as other Dzogchen instructions.
When he was twenty H.H. Kyabje Taklung Tsetrul Rinpoche received the complete empowerments and transmissions of the Rinchen Terdzö and others from the previous Shechen Rabjam Rinpoche. From the retreat master at Mindroling and from the previous Lalung Sungtrul Rinpoche, he received most empowerments and transmissions for the treasures of Padma Lingpa, and from Golok Chewo Rinpoche he received all the transmissions for the Seven Treasures and other teachings of the omniscient Longchen Rabjam. At Dorje Drak he received all of the empowerments and transmissions for the whole Jangter treasure teachings, as well as Kama (oral) teachings, and instructions on the nature of mind. He became the khenpo of Dodrak Monastery for several years, and then was requested to return to his own Taklung Monastery.
On the occasion of the 2500th anniversary of the Buddha’s parinirvana H.H. Kyabje Taklung Tsetrul Rinpoche went on pilgrimage to India with his family. Circumstances worsened from year to year in Tibet until it became impossible to remain there; and so, in 1959, he stole away at night with some companions, leaving their homeland, until they reached India, making their way to Sikkim, where H.H. Kyabje Taklung Tsetrul Rinpoche stayed for two years. At Rumtek Monastery he received the empowerments and transmissions of the Treasury of Oral Instructions and Kagyu Mantra Treasury from the great 16th Holiness Gyalwa Karmapa. In Kalimpong, he received the entire empowerments and transmissions of the Great Terma Treasury and the Nyingma Kama, as well as some of the dharma treasures of Dudjom Lingpa, from Kyabje Dudjom Rinpoche. In Bhutan, from Dilgo Khyentse Rinpoche he received transmissions for the collected teachings of Mipham Rinpoche, and empowerments and transmissions for the Heart Essence of Longchen Nyingthig, and other Dzogchen practices and tantras.
Later H.H. Kyabje Taklung Tsetrul Rinpoche went to a new Tibetan refugee settlement in Simla, India, where in the years that followed he worked with the community, local and state government officials, and the office of His Holiness the Dalai Lama to found a new Dorje Drak Monastic seat in exile, to preserve, foster and expand the teachings of the Jangter lineage, since Thubten Dorje Drak Monastery in Tibet had been completely destroyed. Today there are almost 80 monks there, and several in retreat.
H.H. Kyabje Taklung Tsetrul Rinpoche has offered the Jangter, and other dharma empowerments and transmissions at the direction of prominent lamas of different lineages at various monasteries in Bhutan, India and Nepal, including Namkhai Nyingpo Rinpoche in Bhutan, Kyabje Penor Rinpoche in Mysore, and Dilgo Khyentse Rinpoche at Shechen Monastery in Nepal. Otherwise, he continually gives instructions, empowerments or transmissions on the preliminary and main practices, as are suited to the needs of whomever comes to request dharma teachings.
Following the parinirvana of Khabje Trulshig Rinpoche, his replacement as Head of the six major Nyingma monasteries was considered by representatives of the six main Nyingma monasteries and two representatives of Nyingma in the Government of Tibet in exile. On 2012 March 6th, the representatives had an audience with H.H. Kyabje Taklung Tsetrul Rinpoche in Shimla, India. They made the body, speech and mind offerings to Rinpoche, explained the purpose of their visit, and then requested Rinpoche to accept the position as Head of Nyingmapa. After thinking for sometime, Rinpoche responded that if H.E. Khochen Rinpoche assist him like he had assisted Kyabje Trulshig Rinpoche and if everyone worked together for the benefit of Nyingmapa, he would accept the position as Head of Nyingmapa. Therefore, on behalf of the entire Nyingma School, H.H. Kyabje Taklung Tsetrul Rinpoche graciously accepted. This great and heartfelt news was a joy to all and after the upcoming audience with His Holiness the Dalai Lama, an official announcement was made and all the representatives offered long live prayers to H.H. Kyabje Taklung Tsetrul Rinpoche.
The crown ornament of the sublime Ancient Translation School, the Wish-fulfilling Jewel, the Lord of Refuge, His Holiness Kyabje Taklung Tsetrul Rinpoche, passed into parinirvana on December 23rd, 2015. His Holiness Kyabje Taklung Tsetrul Rinpoche displayed the final activity of transferring his enlightened intention to another realm in order to turn the minds of those to be tamed towards the dharma. He remained in this world for 89 years, spreading immeasurable benefit and happiness all over the world.
Visits to Finland
His Holiness showed great kindness to all sentient beings, particularly to us Finnish Buddhist followers. His Holiness visited Finland by Danakosha’s invitation in 2008, 2009 and 2014.
In 2008 His Holiness graciously bestowed the empowerments of peaceful Padmasambhava, a treasure by Guru Chöwang; the empowerment of the Seven Line Prayer with a transmission of 108 different activities based on the Seven Line Prayer, a treasure by Apong Terton; and an empowerment of a wrathful form of Guru Rinpoche in the form of Vajrapani, Hayagriva and Garuda from Longchen Nyingthig.
In 2009 His Holiness kindly bestowed the empowerments of Kagye or Eight Herukas from the Northern Treasures by Rigdzin Godem; Lama Gong Du or Embodiment of the Guru’s Heart from Sangye Lingpa, the first terton or treasure revealer in Tibet; Dorje Phurba or Vajrakilaya from Minling Terchen Gyurme Dorje, the founder of Mindrolling monastery; and teachings on Phowa from Longchen Nyingthig. To some disciples His Holiness also gave the transmission of Yeshe Lama of Great Perfection by Rigdzin Jigme Lingpa.
In 2014 His Holiness bestowed the empowerment of the entire Konchog Chidu: the peaceful, wrathful, and secret forms of Guru Rinpoche and the long life form of Guru Rinpoche, Orgyen Tsepagme. Moreover, Tulku Dakpa Rinpoche heartfeltly requested His Holiness to bless the whole of Finland, and His Holiness toured Finland by car with many Finnish sangha members for approximately 2000 kilometers between Helsinki in the south and Äkäslompolo in the north.